Frame 1 or less (Cows: 45" and smaller; Bulls: 48" and smaller) The smaller size makes them easy to handle A mature three-year-old cow can weigh between 500 to 1,000 pounds depending on flesh condition. Compare this to the standard mature cow which is 50" to 60" tall and weighs 1,200 to 2,000 pounds.
The American Hereford Association is the official registry for Miniature Herefords. A certificate of registration from the American Hereford Association is required. True Miniature Herefords registered through the AHA have pedigrees going back over 100 years and are determined to be free of dwarfism. This is very important and beneficial to insure the purity of bloodlines and predictability of offspring.
The bovine is one of the easiest of all animals to take care of. A small bovine makes it even easier. As long as they have plenty of grass, water, and salt available, most of their needs are met. Of course, environmental conditions such as temperature, rainfall, terrain, etc. vary greatly, but the Miniature Herefords are very hardy animals and do well in most areas. Keeping them current on vaccinations and worming is also important. If a veterinarian is necessary, any large animal vet can treat them.
No special feed is necessary for the Minis. Nutritional needs can vary from one area to the next, but good pasture or quality grass hay, a salt/trace mineral supplement, and clean water are for the most part all that is required. The Minis are very efficient feed converters and, depending on pasture, you can run 2 - 3 head to one standard-size animal.
Heifers are bred to calve at 2 - 3 years of age. Bulls are ready to go to work by 1-1/2 years of age. Calf birth weights average 45 - 60 pounds. The cows are good mothers with plenty of milk. Both cows and bulls are fertile and breed back in a timely manner.